|The Key of G Major:
Chords based on the G Major Scale: G, A,
B, C, D, E, F Sharp and G. As you may have noticed the G Major Scale has
one sharp. From now on we will indicate all sharps with the use of the
following symbol: #
Note: It is recommended that you learn the basic chords in the key of C Major first, before learning any of the other keys, since the page for the key of C teaches the basic theory behind chord construction.
The basic chords for the key of G Major are based on the triad (1st, 3rd and 5th) except for the d 7th chord which is based on four different notes. The chords in the key of G are in the same order as presented in the key of C with the only difference being that it has been transposed to a different key. So, in order to transpose something from the key of C into the key of G, all you need to do is use the chart of the same number. For example: the basic chords from chart 1 in the key of C can be transposed to the basic chords in the key of G by using chart 1 of the key of G. The same is true for the remaining chord charts 2 through 5.
Below you will see that there are some chords
that you already know. Like the A Minor, C Major and E Minor chords. With
each key from this point on, there will be some chords that you have
already seen. So learning each additional key gets easier as time
The full name for a seventh chord (like the D 7th in this case) is actually a Dominant 7th chord. The dominant tone is a name given to the fifth tone of a scale. Since the D is the fifth tone of the G Major scale, the 7th chord you use is the D Dominant 7th chord. Usually referred to as just a D 7th. The fifth tone of the scale can always be used as the root tone for the dominant 7th chord in any key. For example: the fifth tone of the C Major scale is the G. The G note can be used as the root tone for a G dominant 7th chord or the most commonly referred to "G 7th."
However, if you start out on the G note in the key of G Major, the seventh note of the scale is an F#. So a major seventh has a seventh that is a half step higher than its Dominant 7th counterpart. For example: the G Major 7th chord contains a G, B, D, and F#. The G Dominant 7th chord contains the G, B, D and F notes.
You have some substitute chords below in the next chart. The same rules apply in the key of G that you have already applied from the key of C.
Now let's move on to the 9th chords.
Okay, let's move on to the suspended 2nd and suspended 4th chords.
The Key of E Minor: Chords based on the E Harmonic Minor Scale
Each major key has its own
relative minor key. The relative minor key to the Key of G is E Minor. The
following chords in Chart 5 are based on the E Harmonic Minor Scale. The E
Harmonic Minor Scale is comprised of the following notes:
The 6th Chord:
Now for the 6th chords.
The Next Key: Key of F