The Key of G Major: Chords based on the G Major Scale: G, A, B, C, D, E, F Sharp and G. As you may have noticed the G Major Scale has one sharp. From now on we will indicate all sharps with the use of the following symbol: #

Note: It is recommended that you learn the basic chords in the key of C Major first, before learning any of the other keys, since the page for the key of C teaches the basic theory behind chord construction.

The basic chords for the key of G Major are based on the triad (1st, 3rd and 5th) except for the d 7th chord which is based on four different notes. The chords in the key of G are in the same order as presented in the key of C with the only difference being that it has been transposed to a different key. So, in order to transpose something from the key of C into the key of G, all you need to do is use the chart of the same number. For example: the basic chords from chart 1 in the key of C can be transposed to the basic chords in the key of G by using chart 1 of the key of G. The same is true for the remaining chord charts 2 through 5.

Below you will see that there are some chords that you already know. Like the A Minor, C Major and E Minor chords. With each key from this point on, there will be some chords that you have already seen. So learning each additional key gets easier as time progresses.

 Chart 1: The Basic chords in the key of G Chord: G Major Numeric: 320003 Fingering: 320004 Chord: A Minor Numeric: X02210 Fingering: X02310 Chord: B Minor Numeric: X24432 Fingering: X13421    2nd Fret is barred Chord: C Major Numeric: X32010 Fingering: X32010 Chord: D Major Numeric: XX0232 Fingering: XX0132 Chord: E Minor Numeric: 022000 Fingering: 023000 Chord: D 7th Numeric: XX0212 Fingering: XX0213

The full name for a seventh chord (like the D 7th in this case) is actually a Dominant 7th chord. The dominant tone is a name given to the fifth tone of a scale. Since the D is the fifth tone of the G Major scale, the 7th chord you use is the D Dominant 7th chord. Usually referred to as just a D 7th. The fifth tone of the scale can always be used as the root tone for the dominant 7th chord in any key. For example: the fifth tone of the C Major scale is the G. The G note can be used as the root tone for a G dominant 7th chord or the most commonly referred to "G 7th."

However, if you start out on the G note in the key of G Major, the seventh note of the scale is an F#. So a major seventh has a seventh that is a half step higher than its Dominant 7th counterpart. For example: the G Major 7th chord contains a G, B, D, and F#. The G Dominant 7th chord contains the G, B, D and F notes.

You have some substitute chords below in the next chart. The same rules apply in the key of G that you have already applied from the key of C.

 Chart 2: Some substitute chords for the key of G Chord: G Major 7th Numeric: 320002 Fingering: 320001 Chord: A Minor 7th Numeric: X02010 Fingering: X02010 Chord: B Minor 7th Numeric: X24232 Fingering: X13121   2nd Fret is barred Chord: C Major 7th Numeric: X32000 Fingering: X32000 Chord: E Minor 7th Numeric: 022030 Fingering: 023040

Now let's move on to the 9th chords.

 Chart 3: More substitute chords for the key of G Chord: G Major 9th Numeric: 354005 Fingering: 132004 Chord: A Minor 9th Numeric: X05557 Fingering: X01113     5th Fret is barred Chord: C Major 9th Numeric: X35430 Fingering: X14320 Chord: E Minor 9th Numeric: 022032 Fingering: 012043 Chord: D 9th Numeric: X54555 Fingering: X21333 5th Fret is barred

Okay, let's move on to the suspended 2nd and suspended 4th chords.

 Chart 4: Even more substitute chords for the key of G Chord: E Suspended  2nd Numeric: XX2452 Fingering: XX1341  2nd Fret is barred Chord: E Suspended  4th Numeric: 022200 Fingering: 023400 Chord: A Suspended  2nd Numeric: X02200 Fingering: X02300 Chord: A Suspended  4th Numeric: X02230 Fingering: X02340 Chord: B Suspended  4th Numeric: X24452 Fingering: X12341  2nd Fret is barred

The Key of E Minor:       Chords based on the E Harmonic Minor Scale

Each major key has its own relative minor key. The relative minor key to the Key of G is E Minor. The following chords in Chart 5 are based on the E Harmonic Minor Scale. The E Harmonic Minor Scale is comprised of the following notes:
E, F#, G, A, B, C, D# and E

 Chart 5: The basic chords in the key of E Minor Chord: E Minor Numeric: 022000 Fingering: 023000 Chord: F# Diminished Numeric: XX4545 Fingering: XX1213  4th Fret is barred Chord: G Augmented Numeric: 321003 Fingering: 321004 Chord: A Minor Numeric: X02210 Fingering: X02310 Chord: B Major Numeric: X24442 Fingering: X12341  2nd Fret is barred Chord: C Major Numeric: X32010 Fingering: X32010 Chord: D# Diminished Numeric: XX1212 Fingering: XX1213 1st Fret is barred

The 6th Chord:

Now for the 6th chords.

 Chart 6: Major and Minor 6th chords Chord: G 6th Numeric: XX5757 Fingering: XX1314  5th Fret is barred Chord: A Minor 6th Numeric: X02212 Fingering: X02314 Chord: C 6th Numeric: X35555 Fingering: X13333   5th Fret is barred Chord: D 6th Numeric: XX0202 Fingering: XX0102

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